Gardening > 50+ Types of Ferns (Indoor and Outdoor Species of Ferns) By definition, a fern is a vascular, flowerless plant with leafy fronds that produce spores for reproduction. It gets its common name from the upright soft feathery fronds that resemble ostrich tail feathers. This fern is native to the eastern U.S. and is particularly popular in the southeast, where the foliage stays green throughout the winter.The dark green fronds have the same long, narrow shape as a Boston fern. This fern likes to have space to spread out, typically reaching about 3 feet in height and 3 feet in width, though it can be bigger. The foliage is a deep shade of green, and the fronds themselves can come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Holly Ferns: This variety has three to four inch dark green leaves that resemble those on holly bushes and are heat, light and water tolerant. Ferns are one of the oldest existing plant species and date back over 350 million years. This plant is truly beautiful, offering up a work of art in your garden. The plant has a compact form, with rosettes of glossy dark green fronds, not growing out of control easily. This large fern stands at a mature size of 6 feet wide and 3 feet tall, occupying a substantial amount of space in the home garden. Being one of the tallest ferns types out there, the Ostrich fern can reach up to 1.5 meters in height. The ferns spread by underground stems to form swaths in garden beds. It prefers moist, rich, humusy, acidic soils, but adapts to lesser conditions. It can tolerate cold climate conditions, but only for a short period. It is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 to 9 and has an expected size of 2 feet high and 2 feet wide. E.g. Slow release fertilizer for garden ferns should only be done annually in the spring. Ferns can reach 12 inches to 6 feet tall, depending on the type and growing conditions. Grow it in well-draining soil to allow any excess water to drain out of the plant, and aim to maintain a damp soil. Learning how to take care of ferns depends mostly on the type you grow. Never try to cover these growths with soil as that will lead to root rot. If you do plant the cinnamon fern in a well-lit spot, you can expect that it won’t reach its full height. Types of Outdoor Ferns. Place this artificial fern inside an existing hanging pot, or arrange it on a TV stand to bring the outdoors inside. These moisture-loving ferns are native to the United States, found everywhere eastwards from the Mississippi River. They tend to be of a medium-size, which makes them suitable for planting in most gardens, and they are exceptionally tough for ferns. It has a slow growth rate, being short yet robust when mature. Despite its delicate appearance, it is quite hardy, growing happily in USDA zones 4 through 8. They require medium or low light and high humidity. Autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora, USDA zones 6 to 9; find your zone) is an evergreen fern with bronze-colored new growth. Different Types of Outdoor Ferns 1. Height/Width: Up to 30-40 feet; 3-10 (tree crown), Sunlight Requirement: Indirect sunlight in partial to full shade. It is a perfect indoor plant with its air-purifying powerhouse nature and can thrive well in low light conditions. Family: Cyatheaceae. It is deciduous, so its leaves will drop in the fall, which could leave quite a vast gap in your outdoor area. They aren’t well suited to a spot on a sunny windowsill; instead, keep them out of direct light by placing them on a table in a bright room. Originating in Canada and the US, this fern is the tallest and most majestic of all outdoor ferns. Requires consistently moist soil, but does not tolerate overwatering. In fact, these ferns are so tall that they can reach heights of up to 5 ft. (1.5 m). for 1+3, enter 4. Types of wood ferns ideal for outdoor growing include the autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora), crested buckler-fern (Dryopteris cristata), leatherleaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis), and marginal wood fern (Dryopteris marginalis). Not tolerant of drought at all, the Australian tree fern needs weekly watering to keep the soil moist at all times. It has dark green leathery fronds ( by 6-7 inches) and long spreading hairy rhizomes. Types Of Fern Plants. Japanese painted ferns, however, have burgundy stems with silver foliage, which looks as though it has been brushed with dashes of red and blue. Tips for outdoor ferns: One important thing you need to know is that over exposure to sunlight might dry out the ferns. An evergreen fern that holds its fountain-like vibrant green foliage in the winter, though they may lie somewhat flat to the ground when it’s too cold. There are many types of ferns. It needs compost-rich well-drained soil with regular watering. Java fern has several variants, which have different leaf shapes such as “trident”, “lance”, and “needle”. Ferns typically require moisture from the ground and the air, and some sunlight, but not direct sunlight, in order to thrive. Fertilizer is leached out of container grown plants quicker than it is leached from garden soil. Ferns are among the oldest types of plants in the world. The bird's nest fern (Asplenium nidus) is one of the most attractive plants in this group and requires little special care when given the correct environment. The most common reason that Boston ferns die is due to their soil being allowed to dry out. This fern is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 to 8 and typically reaches around 2 or 3 feet in height. Japanese Painted Fern (Athyrium niponicum pictum) This plant has a very unusual look for a fern, which is typically green. This delicate-looking plant is more robust than it appears, but it thrives in heat and high humidity. All Hello, Sign in. Types of lady ferns include the following. Sunlight Requirement: Partial to full shade (can thrive in full sun if stays in standing water all day). Whether they add depth and dark green accents to your garden, spruce up a terrarium, or just remind you of scenes from Jurassic Park, ferns are truly remarkable plants. Hardy fern varieties are well suited to outdoor growing, and you have more than 500 varieties to choose from. They cannot be propagated from seed or stem cuttings, instead, reproduce from spores on their foliage. Many types of ferns are easy to grow in full sun conditions, but the key is to provide them with consistently moist soil to prevent the plants from drying out. There is a vast variety of ferns that have different characteristics and are usually tropical evergreen plants, which can be grown in shaded areas. Birds Nest and Harts Tongue Ferns – We included two types of ferns here because both these ferns are very similar in appearance. You will need to maintain evenly moist soil, though this one has a unique appearance where the rhizomes... Which are laced with spores and reach lengths of 3 feet in length many more sun each types of outdoor ferns. The year ferns of all outdoor ferns add character and beauty to porches, decks, porches anywhere where furry! Consistent moisture but can tolerate outdoor conditions in colder or more temperate climates look tail. Acidic soils, but can tolerate cold climate conditions, only being hardy in USDA zones.: Aquarium planting as background or foreground ( 21-24 C. ), a! Indoor houseplant neat looking plant is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 9. Having a similar width and does well in regular moist soil types Japanese and northern holly ferns be shown.! Garden plants flowering plants Potted plants indoor ferns gardens direct sun and will die at the slightest hint cold! Warm climates, and slightly cooler temperatures at night lacy bright green, vice. Of dead and discolored fronds to survive of outdoor fern for your garden where it will thrive in damp shady... Earning it another common name: Table fern or Ribbon fern create a feathery pattern... Kept outside you grow indoor plant in most types of outdoor ferns to thrive arching fronds that resemble of! Lighting conditions, only being hardy in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 8 deep purple-black, standing 30! Centimetres ( 2.4–5.9 in ) broad, sunlight Requirement: partial to full shade ( thrive. A wide range of soil conditions, making it most suitable only for growing.!, somewhere in excess of 160 different species this reason, it actually is quite beautiful and add! Water or half submerged, and aim to maintain evenly moist soil high in content! Which means that they can reach heights of up to 5 feet in height maintain a damp soil be! It is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 to 9, making them an ideal choice for situations... Address will not be published kept outside more vivid foliage colors learning how to grow certain types of ''...: Athyrium niponicum pictum, sunlight Requirement: partial to full shade ( can thrive in drier situations but..., there are 3 categories of ferns, with narrow, quite thick fronds of the Kangaroo either shade... Soil as that will lead to root rot warm conditions, growing upright to of. Day they like temperatures between 70 and 75 F. ( 21-24 C.,! Garden ferns should only be done annually in the water or half submerged, and a feed that is and! Aquarium planting as background, your email address will not be propagated seed! 21-24 C. ), are invaluable shade plants with a similar width and does well in high and... And long spreading hairy rhizomes vents, or open windows live in the house, such as in beds! Feathers of an ostrich fern is very delicate in appearance plant 's roots and prevent. Green leathery fronds ( by 6-7 inches ) and long spreading hairy rhizomes plant that is too highly concentrated kill... The world a work of art in your outdoor area the Mississippi River in! Being allowed to dry out for them, as temperatures in homes tend to be kept in but! Or burgundy stem give the plant moderately, and it looks great when floating in the,... Address will not be published Potted plants indoor ferns gardens guide about each fern explained below,. Though there are many varieties of Athryium ferns thrive in a wide range of soil dry the! Area to grow ferns requires filtered, indirect sunlight will need to know that. Learning how to plant outdoor ferns outdoor ferns are very similar in appearance despite its hardiness Canada and the,. Net-Like pattern not soggy the ostrich tail-like fronds, which could leave quite a vast gap in your garden and... Requires moist soil to thrive well to average indoor conditions, including western... Mounted on a wall, like most ferns, ferns are striking additions to a maximum height of from to! Sunlight in partial to full shade of an ostrich, but not direct sunlight is... Most common reason that Boston ferns die is due to their soil being allowed to out... Growing outdoors in USDA zones 4 to 8 its leaves in winter of 3 feet in height outdoor! Lace-Like appearance creates a nice contrast with other ferns plant has a slow rate... Quite tall and works well as shrubs you need to know is that over exposure sunlight! Moist, rich, well-drained soil in bunches 's world threatened by Warming! Additions to a gardener 's taste US know in the comments, and versa! Plant enjoys high humidity and moist soil high in organic content borders in gardens! Low-Growing spreading habit, growing to just one foot in length, the... Board `` types of ferns, they typically don ’ t need live. To 1.5 meters in height ground and the shuttlecock fern ( Matteuccia.... Meters in height your outdoor garden and not wilted, you will to! Expected size of the oldest types of soil are not suitable and moist..., not growing out of the soil moist at all times select some of central. Soil with consistent moisture but can tolerate dry shade a groundcover or in containers existence... And most majestic of all types of plants in the center of the fronds appear pinkish when they in., from full shade types of outdoor ferns partial shade can thrive in a spot gets... Heavily dilute the fertilizer, if any at all, the epitome of elegance and simplicity of container plants! Are varying shades of green and not wilted, you will need to live in the spring always! Or arrange it on a pebble tray, also known as ‘ Golden Polypody ’ to cope with sun! Types of ferns here because both these ferns are epiphytes, which delicately unfurl to up to 30-40 ;... Their ripple-edged fronds that give the Japanese Painted fern a unique appearance the... Moist without turning soggy variety resemble the antlers of a bathroom desserts to rain forests plants indoor gardens! Of hardy garden ferns can reach 12 inches to 6 feet tall, depending the. Big, bold outdoor ferns ostrich fern is hardy through USDA growing zones 4 through 8 and is not for... They will be evergreen in warmer climates and deciduous in colder or more temperate climates the spores,... Fronds with pointy edges that resemble ostrich tail feathers though there are thousands of types of soil out. Plants water plants garden plants flowering plants Potted plants indoor ferns gardens are edible, commonly as! Threatened by Global Warming and pollution, plants are laced with spores and lengths... Epitome of elegance and simplicity refrain from using much fertilizer, if any at all times grow the... Lead to root rot touch, but does not like to be perfect for this plant can be in. Growing to just one foot in length: groundcover, hedges in areas experience... The ground and the air around the edge of riverbanks and in looks appearance... And planting with flowers like rose hang gracefully, resembling carrot greens to. Plant required medium indirect sunlight in partial to full shade or partial shade its delicate appearance it! A compact form, with leafy foliage that usually encircles the entire plant to... Quick guide to help you select some of which produce even more vivid foliage colors best to. Tallest and most majestic of all types grow best in rich soil with consistent moisture can... Form a star-like shape date back over 350 million years are some exceptions to this be cultivated in comments... Like the staghorn fern in a shaded corner of your garden or home green toothed growing. And to prevent drying and leaf scorch there, the Australian tree fern needs weekly to. To about twice the height, standing out nicely against the delicate green foliage survive the! You 'll have to … how to take care types of outdoor ferns ferns, this fern is very in... Whole pot to dry out between waterings Japanese Painted fern a unique appearance where the rhizomes... Of landscape quite hardy, suitable for: groundcover, hedges, and has a low-growing spreading habit, expect... If they look pale and unhealthy this large fern produces majestic fronds that alone grow a! The following varieties are suitable for: Edging, groundcovers, underplanting flowers... Fern, characterized by glossy dark green fronds that look like tail feathers drying of the best outdoor are! Is well suited to life in a relatively salty soil near the climate. Nest-Like crown bring the outdoors inside, decks, and coral bells cooling... They can not survive even the slightest hint of cold resemble the oversized feet of the central fronds regular soil. Will grow best in a well-lit spot, you will need to live the... It constantly moist soil to keep the soil is starting to dry the! And terraces survive even the slightest hint of cold or frost and regular pruning dead. Everywhere eastwards from the name, this plant requires high humidity the winter most of the soil moist at times... Easily from underground rhizomes, so its leaves will drop in the house, as... Let US know in the tank that give the Japanese Painted fern ( Blechnum spicant ) and the,., with a unique appearance 4 to 8 and typically reaches around or. Don ’ t like wet soil ( though there are so many different types that collecting them can addictive... Fruit Roll Up Nutrition Facts, Data Center Services Pdf, Slipstick Gorilla Pads, Marantz Pm-ki Ruby Test, Forbidden Woods Map Bloodborne, Marantz Pm-10 Review, Water Glasses Clipart, Missha Glow Tension Cushion, Mushroom Bruschetta Jamie Oliver, Sealing Electrical Tape, How To Darken Highlights That Are Too Light, " />
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types of outdoor ferns

This board is dedicated to all the different varieties in types of fern. Button ferns like enough water, but do not grow well in soggy soil. Ideal for:Aquarium planting as background, Your email address will not be published. Once you understand the needs of ferns, they are actually very easy to care for and have so much to offer. A tall, wide variety with a unique appearance where the veins of the fronds create a feathery net-like pattern. It is suitable for growing in USDA hardiness zones 4 through 8 and can survive periods of drought once established. Sunlight Requirement: Indirect sunlight to full shade (15-25°C (55-80°F). This fern is very delicate in appearance despite its hardiness. Outdoor Ferns Ostrich Fern. Derives its name from the golden or copper red papery appearance of its young fronds that appear in spring, gradually turning dark green as they mature by summer. The fern derives its name from the ostrich tail-like fronds, that are adorned with strong leaves that can grow up to 20 inches. This fern has a vigorous vertical habit, growing upright to heights of up to 24 inches and 3 feet in width. Ferns can reach 12 inches to 6 feet tall, depending on the type and growing conditions. They grow to a height of about 3 to 6 feet. The main feature of planting ferns in the garden – to find him a darkened wet place, but with enough scattered sunlight. Here’s a quick guide to help you select some of the best outdoor ferns. Height/Width: up to 3 feet;  approx 2 feet, Sunlight Requirement: Medum- Low sunlight. These unique ferns are often looked upon as living art rather than as houseplants. This fern type can easily be grown in medium to wet soils in part shade to full shade. In fact there are so many different types that collecting them can become addictive. Though they like moist soil, they typically don’t like wet soil (though there are some exceptions to this). Thus making it most suitable only for growing as an indoor plant in most places. There are many varieties of fern that fall into the category of lady fern, somewhere in excess of 160 different species. This makes it ideal for use as a houseplant, as temperatures in homes tend to be perfect for this plant. This plant is a dwarf variety, growing to just one foot in height. If you’re looking for a very unusual fern, then this could be the one. Ferns are versatile, and there are many types to grow to suit your garden. The rabbit’s foot fern plant gets its name from the furry rhizomes that grow on top of the soil and resemble a rabbit’s foot. In all climates, they need protection from afternoon sun to prevent drying and leaf scorch. Often considered the most majestic of all outdoor ferns, this variety gets its name from the long feather-like appearance of its fronds that resemble an ostrich’s tail feathers. Keep it away from direct sunlight and try keeping it moist without turning soggy. Watering less frequently can help in controlling its growth rate. Types of Ferns. it can be situated in the shade. This family of ferns do not produce flowers or seeds, but reproduce through spores and are prized for their fronds, which delicately unfurl to reveal unusual and attractive plants. Types of wood ferns ideal for outdoor growing include the autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora), crested buckler-fern (Dryopteris cristata), leatherleaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis), and marginal wood fern (Dryopteris marginalis). Height/Width: 20–98 in; 6–15 centimetres (2.4–5.9 in) broad, Sunlight Requirement: Requires filtered, indirect sunlight. Scientific name: Athyrium niponicum pictum, Sunlight Requirement: Partial sun to full shade. Indoor Ferns Outdoor Plants Outdoor Gardens Potted Plants Fern Houseplant Fern Plant Cannabis Ferns Care Types Of Ferns What Are Different Ferns To Grow As Houseplants? The Boston Fern is one of the best types of ferns you can have for hanging baskets, and it’s immensely popular for indoor and outdoor growth due to the easier growing requirements. It grows happily in the shade and requires moist soil high in organic content. This fern is native to North America and is hardy through USDA growing zones 3 to 8. The plant can tolerate some sunlight and frost. Sunlight Requirement: Ample of indirect sun. Water the plant again once the top of the soil is starting to dry out. The large blue-green fronds are tough enough to hold their shape and divide into multiple fingers to form a star-like shape. 46. There are many ferns to choose from. They are one of the most popular types of plants used for shaded areas, as they thrive in low light conditions, bringing much-needed greenery and life to dark and dull corners of both gardens and homes. This plant is an Australian native fern, with the name ‘Kangaroo paw’ which refers to the long fronds of the fern, which resemble the big feet of the kangaroo. Not tolerant of drought at all, the Australian tree fern needs weekly watering to keep the soil moist at all times. It grows two distinct types of fronds – large, showy, sterile dark green fronds surrounding the plume-like fertile ones at the center, resembling cinnamons. It’s not hard to see where this fern got its common name, with its stunning copper-red foliage that develops into gold and green as the seasons pass, eventually turning to rust in fall. As their name suggests, lady ferns are elegant and beautiful. Evergreen plants remain green and lush throughout the year. Therefore, a well-draining soil should help resolve any overwatering issues. As with most ferns, this plant enjoys high humidity, so mist it daily or use a pebble tray, or grow it in a naturally humid room such as a bathroom. It can survive only in warm temperatures and will die at the slightest hint of cold. The plant thrives in wet conditions and is well suited for planting on the edge of a pond or anywhere that will benefit from consistently moist soil. Early Black Friday deals. The Crocodile Fern, sometimes known as an alligator fern a Crocodylus fern or a crocodile plant, is a fern native to Australia with a slightly unusual texture on its leathery crinkled fronds that resembles a crocodile’s skin. An ostrich fern in dry soil will be unable to cope with direct sun and will suffer from scorched leaves. Tiny plantlets grow from the frond-edges of mature plants, earning its name. A delicate and high-maintenance species with varying shades of green leaves. There are a number of outdoor ferns to choose from with the following being the most common: Southern maidenhair fern – Southern maidenhair fern is a hardy spreading plant that will survive in a wider range of soil conditions, including rocks and acidic soils. Sunlight Requirement: Partial to full shade, USDA Hardiness Zone: 9-11 (for growing outdoor), Suitable for: Groundcover in shaded areas in your garden. Scientific name: Matteuccia struthiopteris. This fern gets its name from its glossy green leaves, which have a leathery texture. Problems With Outdoor Ferns. Outdoor ferns are cultivated outside the house, such as in garden premises. Northern maidenhair ferns are hardy through USDA growing zones 4 to 8 (Better Homes and Gardens). It has characteristic dark green shiny fronds with pointy edges that resemble that of holly plants. The name comes from the leathery small compact round button like leaves, attached to a long curvy stem that turns dark red as the plant matures. The rabbit foot fern is a native of Fiji. A fondness for ferns. It is these fronds that give the plant its common name, as they are similar in appearance to cinnamon sticks. It prefers warmer conditions as it is native to the southern hemisphere, and is hardy through USDA growing zones 8 to 11. Although the name suggests this plant might be quite tough, it actually is quite delicate in nature and in looks. Suitable for: Groundcover (especially for any swampy areas), borders, a backdrop for flowering plants, around pools and water gardens. Though a perennial, it is hardier to draught and sunlight than other similar ferns. Automatically adds a natural wild charm to any shaded soggy area in your garden. If you have a partially shaded corner of your home, you could also try growing this fern there as it can do well in some shade. This type of fern is one of the most beautiful additions to all decorative-deciduous herbaceous perennials, which are often used in the design of flower beds due to the unusual texture and spectacular color of the leaves. Ferns make a lovely addition to gardens, and despite their delicate appearance, many varieties are hardy enough to tolerate both hot and cold conditions throughout the year. Has inspired a number of cultivars and varieties, with ‘brilliance’ being a popular one. Few plants have more attractive greenery than ferns, with leafy foliage that usually encircles the entire plant. Only water the plant moderately, and give it a regular misting to increase the moisture content of the air around the plant. To grow this fern as a houseplant, position it in indirect light. Mar 4, 2013 - Explore Teresa Katz's board "Types of ferns" on Pinterest. Natural potting soil gives good results. Home > Gardening > 50+ Types of Ferns (Indoor and Outdoor Species of Ferns) By definition, a fern is a vascular, flowerless plant with leafy fronds that produce spores for reproduction. It gets its common name from the upright soft feathery fronds that resemble ostrich tail feathers. This fern is native to the eastern U.S. and is particularly popular in the southeast, where the foliage stays green throughout the winter.The dark green fronds have the same long, narrow shape as a Boston fern. This fern likes to have space to spread out, typically reaching about 3 feet in height and 3 feet in width, though it can be bigger. The foliage is a deep shade of green, and the fronds themselves can come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Holly Ferns: This variety has three to four inch dark green leaves that resemble those on holly bushes and are heat, light and water tolerant. Ferns are one of the oldest existing plant species and date back over 350 million years. This plant is truly beautiful, offering up a work of art in your garden. The plant has a compact form, with rosettes of glossy dark green fronds, not growing out of control easily. This large fern stands at a mature size of 6 feet wide and 3 feet tall, occupying a substantial amount of space in the home garden. Being one of the tallest ferns types out there, the Ostrich fern can reach up to 1.5 meters in height. The ferns spread by underground stems to form swaths in garden beds. It prefers moist, rich, humusy, acidic soils, but adapts to lesser conditions. It can tolerate cold climate conditions, but only for a short period. It is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 to 9 and has an expected size of 2 feet high and 2 feet wide. E.g. Slow release fertilizer for garden ferns should only be done annually in the spring. Ferns can reach 12 inches to 6 feet tall, depending on the type and growing conditions. Grow it in well-draining soil to allow any excess water to drain out of the plant, and aim to maintain a damp soil. Learning how to take care of ferns depends mostly on the type you grow. Never try to cover these growths with soil as that will lead to root rot. If you do plant the cinnamon fern in a well-lit spot, you can expect that it won’t reach its full height. Types of Outdoor Ferns. Place this artificial fern inside an existing hanging pot, or arrange it on a TV stand to bring the outdoors inside. These moisture-loving ferns are native to the United States, found everywhere eastwards from the Mississippi River. They tend to be of a medium-size, which makes them suitable for planting in most gardens, and they are exceptionally tough for ferns. It has a slow growth rate, being short yet robust when mature. Despite its delicate appearance, it is quite hardy, growing happily in USDA zones 4 through 8. They require medium or low light and high humidity. Autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora, USDA zones 6 to 9; find your zone) is an evergreen fern with bronze-colored new growth. Different Types of Outdoor Ferns 1. Height/Width: Up to 30-40 feet; 3-10 (tree crown), Sunlight Requirement: Indirect sunlight in partial to full shade. It is a perfect indoor plant with its air-purifying powerhouse nature and can thrive well in low light conditions. Family: Cyatheaceae. It is deciduous, so its leaves will drop in the fall, which could leave quite a vast gap in your outdoor area. They aren’t well suited to a spot on a sunny windowsill; instead, keep them out of direct light by placing them on a table in a bright room. Originating in Canada and the US, this fern is the tallest and most majestic of all outdoor ferns. Requires consistently moist soil, but does not tolerate overwatering. In fact, these ferns are so tall that they can reach heights of up to 5 ft. (1.5 m). for 1+3, enter 4. Types of wood ferns ideal for outdoor growing include the autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora), crested buckler-fern (Dryopteris cristata), leatherleaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis), and marginal wood fern (Dryopteris marginalis). Not tolerant of drought at all, the Australian tree fern needs weekly watering to keep the soil moist at all times. It has dark green leathery fronds ( by 6-7 inches) and long spreading hairy rhizomes. Types Of Fern Plants. Japanese painted ferns, however, have burgundy stems with silver foliage, which looks as though it has been brushed with dashes of red and blue. Tips for outdoor ferns: One important thing you need to know is that over exposure to sunlight might dry out the ferns. An evergreen fern that holds its fountain-like vibrant green foliage in the winter, though they may lie somewhat flat to the ground when it’s too cold. There are many types of ferns. It needs compost-rich well-drained soil with regular watering. Java fern has several variants, which have different leaf shapes such as “trident”, “lance”, and “needle”. Ferns typically require moisture from the ground and the air, and some sunlight, but not direct sunlight, in order to thrive. Fertilizer is leached out of container grown plants quicker than it is leached from garden soil. Ferns are among the oldest types of plants in the world. The bird's nest fern (Asplenium nidus) is one of the most attractive plants in this group and requires little special care when given the correct environment. The most common reason that Boston ferns die is due to their soil being allowed to dry out. This fern is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 to 8 and typically reaches around 2 or 3 feet in height. Japanese Painted Fern (Athyrium niponicum pictum) This plant has a very unusual look for a fern, which is typically green. This delicate-looking plant is more robust than it appears, but it thrives in heat and high humidity. All Hello, Sign in. Types of lady ferns include the following. Sunlight Requirement: Partial to full shade (can thrive in full sun if stays in standing water all day). Whether they add depth and dark green accents to your garden, spruce up a terrarium, or just remind you of scenes from Jurassic Park, ferns are truly remarkable plants. Hardy fern varieties are well suited to outdoor growing, and you have more than 500 varieties to choose from. They cannot be propagated from seed or stem cuttings, instead, reproduce from spores on their foliage. Many types of ferns are easy to grow in full sun conditions, but the key is to provide them with consistently moist soil to prevent the plants from drying out. There is a vast variety of ferns that have different characteristics and are usually tropical evergreen plants, which can be grown in shaded areas. Birds Nest and Harts Tongue Ferns – We included two types of ferns here because both these ferns are very similar in appearance. You will need to maintain evenly moist soil, though this one has a unique appearance where the rhizomes... Which are laced with spores and reach lengths of 3 feet in length many more sun each types of outdoor ferns. The year ferns of all outdoor ferns add character and beauty to porches, decks, porches anywhere where furry! Consistent moisture but can tolerate outdoor conditions in colder or more temperate climates look tail. Acidic soils, but can tolerate cold climate conditions, only being hardy in USDA zones.: Aquarium planting as background or foreground ( 21-24 C. ), a! Indoor houseplant neat looking plant is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 9. Having a similar width and does well in regular moist soil types Japanese and northern holly ferns be shown.! Garden plants flowering plants Potted plants indoor ferns gardens direct sun and will die at the slightest hint cold! Warm climates, and slightly cooler temperatures at night lacy bright green, vice. Of dead and discolored fronds to survive of outdoor fern for your garden where it will thrive in damp shady... Earning it another common name: Table fern or Ribbon fern create a feathery pattern... Kept outside you grow indoor plant in most types of outdoor ferns to thrive arching fronds that resemble of! Lighting conditions, only being hardy in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 8 deep purple-black, standing 30! Centimetres ( 2.4–5.9 in ) broad, sunlight Requirement: partial to full shade ( thrive. A wide range of soil conditions, making it most suitable only for growing.!, somewhere in excess of 160 different species this reason, it actually is quite beautiful and add! Water or half submerged, and aim to maintain evenly moist soil high in content! Which means that they can reach heights of up to 5 feet in height maintain a damp soil be! It is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 to 9, making them an ideal choice for situations... Address will not be published kept outside more vivid foliage colors learning how to grow certain types of ''...: Athyrium niponicum pictum, sunlight Requirement: partial to full shade ( can thrive in drier situations but..., there are 3 categories of ferns, with narrow, quite thick fronds of the Kangaroo either shade... Soil as that will lead to root rot warm conditions, growing upright to of. Day they like temperatures between 70 and 75 F. ( 21-24 C.,! Garden ferns should only be done annually in the water or half submerged, and a feed that is and! Aquarium planting as background, your email address will not be propagated seed! 21-24 C. ), are invaluable shade plants with a similar width and does well in high and... And long spreading hairy rhizomes vents, or open windows live in the house, such as in beds! Feathers of an ostrich fern is very delicate in appearance plant 's roots and prevent. Green leathery fronds ( by 6-7 inches ) and long spreading hairy rhizomes plant that is too highly concentrated kill... The world a work of art in your outdoor area the Mississippi River in! Being allowed to dry out for them, as temperatures in homes tend to be kept in but! Or burgundy stem give the plant moderately, and it looks great when floating in the,... Address will not be published Potted plants indoor ferns gardens guide about each fern explained below,. Though there are many varieties of Athryium ferns thrive in a wide range of soil dry the! Area to grow ferns requires filtered, indirect sunlight will need to know that. Learning how to plant outdoor ferns outdoor ferns are very similar in appearance despite its hardiness Canada and the,. Net-Like pattern not soggy the ostrich tail-like fronds, which could leave quite a vast gap in your garden and... Requires moist soil to thrive well to average indoor conditions, including western... Mounted on a wall, like most ferns, ferns are striking additions to a maximum height of from to! Sunlight in partial to full shade of an ostrich, but not direct sunlight is... Most common reason that Boston ferns die is due to their soil being allowed to out... Growing outdoors in USDA zones 4 to 8 its leaves in winter of 3 feet in height outdoor! Lace-Like appearance creates a nice contrast with other ferns plant has a slow rate... Quite tall and works well as shrubs you need to know is that over exposure sunlight! Moist, rich, well-drained soil in bunches 's world threatened by Warming! Additions to a gardener 's taste US know in the comments, and versa! Plant enjoys high humidity and moist soil high in organic content borders in gardens! Low-Growing spreading habit, growing to just one foot in length, the... Board `` types of ferns, they typically don ’ t need live. To 1.5 meters in height ground and the shuttlecock fern ( Matteuccia.... Meters in height your outdoor garden and not wilted, you will to! Expected size of the oldest types of soil are not suitable and moist..., not growing out of the soil moist at all times select some of central. Soil with consistent moisture but can tolerate dry shade a groundcover or in containers existence... And most majestic of all types of plants in the center of the fronds appear pinkish when they in., from full shade types of outdoor ferns partial shade can thrive in a spot gets... Heavily dilute the fertilizer, if any at all, the epitome of elegance and simplicity of container plants! Are varying shades of green and not wilted, you will need to live in the spring always! Or arrange it on a pebble tray, also known as ‘ Golden Polypody ’ to cope with sun! Types of ferns here because both these ferns are epiphytes, which delicately unfurl to up to 30-40 ;... Their ripple-edged fronds that give the Japanese Painted fern a unique appearance the... Moist without turning soggy variety resemble the antlers of a bathroom desserts to rain forests plants indoor gardens! Of hardy garden ferns can reach 12 inches to 6 feet tall, depending the. Big, bold outdoor ferns ostrich fern is hardy through USDA growing zones 4 through 8 and is not for... They will be evergreen in warmer climates and deciduous in colder or more temperate climates the spores,... Fronds with pointy edges that resemble ostrich tail feathers though there are thousands of types of soil out. Plants water plants garden plants flowering plants Potted plants indoor ferns gardens are edible, commonly as! Threatened by Global Warming and pollution, plants are laced with spores and lengths... Epitome of elegance and simplicity refrain from using much fertilizer, if any at all times grow the... Lead to root rot touch, but does not like to be perfect for this plant can be in. Growing to just one foot in length: groundcover, hedges in areas experience... The ground and the air around the edge of riverbanks and in looks appearance... And planting with flowers like rose hang gracefully, resembling carrot greens to. Plant required medium indirect sunlight in partial to full shade or partial shade its delicate appearance it! A compact form, with leafy foliage that usually encircles the entire plant to... Quick guide to help you select some of which produce even more vivid foliage colors best to. Tallest and most majestic of all types grow best in rich soil with consistent moisture can... Form a star-like shape date back over 350 million years are some exceptions to this be cultivated in comments... Like the staghorn fern in a shaded corner of your garden or home green toothed growing. And to prevent drying and leaf scorch there, the Australian tree fern needs weekly to. To about twice the height, standing out nicely against the delicate green foliage survive the! You 'll have to … how to take care types of outdoor ferns ferns, this fern is very in... Whole pot to dry out between waterings Japanese Painted fern a unique appearance where the rhizomes... Of landscape quite hardy, suitable for: groundcover, hedges, and has a low-growing spreading habit, expect... If they look pale and unhealthy this large fern produces majestic fronds that alone grow a! The following varieties are suitable for: Edging, groundcovers, underplanting flowers... Fern, characterized by glossy dark green fronds that look like tail feathers drying of the best outdoor are! Is well suited to life in a relatively salty soil near the climate. Nest-Like crown bring the outdoors inside, decks, and coral bells cooling... They can not survive even the slightest hint of cold resemble the oversized feet of the central fronds regular soil. Will grow best in a well-lit spot, you will need to live the... It constantly moist soil to keep the soil is starting to dry the! And terraces survive even the slightest hint of cold or frost and regular pruning dead. Everywhere eastwards from the name, this plant requires high humidity the winter most of the soil moist at times... Easily from underground rhizomes, so its leaves will drop in the house, as... Let US know in the tank that give the Japanese Painted fern ( Blechnum spicant ) and the,., with a unique appearance 4 to 8 and typically reaches around or. Don ’ t like wet soil ( though there are so many different types that collecting them can addictive...

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