If one feels nervous or fearful about a situation, this is normal, but if the feelings are ongoing and creates significant distress and causes disruption in daily living (CAMH, 2014), then this is considered a disorder. (Clark, D and Purdon, C, 2005). Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterised by a combination of obsessive thoughts and compulsive acts â a repetitive ritual an individual has to perform a specific number of times. For an individual to be diagnosed with Anxiety disorder the manual details a specific diagnostic criteria in which particular behaviours and feelings must be present in patients. Rethink. * Restlessness and... ... Doing activities that alleviates stress helps an individual’s anxiety decrease- going to the pool or going out to eat with friends- getting away from the “toxic” environment can help the individual let loose and worry less. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. [ online]. In this essay, the main emphasis is on the generalized anxiety disorder. This suggests that panic disorder patients are born with a predisposed physiological reaction to fear. A 27-year-old electrician is describing symptoms that do not meet the full criteria for any of the disorders in the anxiety disorders diagnostic class of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed. In some cases, that reaction is severe, causing individuals to become unable to move beyond the fear and anxiety they feel for long periods of time. An anxiety disorder is a disorder where feelings of fear, apprehension, or anxiety are disruptive or cause distortions in behavior, (Coon, 526); they are psychiatric illnesses that are not useful for normal functioning. While the person suffering may realize their anxiety is too much, they may also have difficulty controlling it and it may negatively affect their day-to-day living. 4th ed. Fortunately, there are many good treatments for anxiety disorders. The Office of National Statistics. Jose J. Juarez Heart palpitations Numerous studies have been carried out to back biological theories such as the study of the twins and experiments such as laboratory provoked panic, however psychoanalytical theorists have argued against these studies claiming that they are only successful due to psychological intervention. Hotes,R.W. However, often the symptoms of GAD are under-diagnosed because such symptoms remain common to various psychiatric diseases too. Contemporary psychoanalytic theories suggest that panic disorders have a link with the interaction between temperamental and environmental factors. The survey also found that unlike other anxiety disorders in which there were more female suffers than male; panic disorders showed equal rates amongst both sexes. That is why going to a health care professional, psychiatrist, can help diagnose you with the proper diagnosis. Most importantly, feeling anxious is not your fault. In addition to this Rachman and colleagues (1988), discovered that amongst patients who suffered from panic attacks 27% did not have any experience any misinterpretations of bodily sensation. However it can be argued that psychological theories are not able to prove that their theories have any validity as it is based around the conscious and subconscious assumptions of the human behaviour. A Psychology disorder known as anxiety disorder, is the most common in the United States. * Irritability or edginess. Derogatis, L. & Wise, T. (1989) Anxiety and Depressive Disorders in The Medical Patient. This assignment will attempt to discuss theory and research into one specific Anxiety disorder. * Inner tension and nervousness. (2009) About Anxiety Disorders. This increased adrenaline speeds the heart and respiration rate, raises blood pressure, and diverts blood flow to the muscles. Working from a biopsychosocial perspective, this article provided an overview of the origin and functional purpose of normal anxiety. Essays on Anxiety Anxiety is a normal emotion that most people experience at least once in their lifetime. Anxiety Disorders (Harvard, 1). This will then be followed by an in-depth discussion on Panic disorders which will look at theories and research surrounding this particular Anxiety disorder. More than 40 million adults over the age of 18 in the United States have an anxiety disorder. The most common types can be fear of various animals, various forms of transport, various activities such as swimming or flying or even various structures such as tunnels or bridges. One group was informed of the sensations they would experience which were similar to symptoms of anxiety and the other group was informed that they would experience pleasant sensations. The Guilford Press. It is a serious mood disorder, which affects a person's ability to function in every day activities. West Sussex. Anxiety Disorder Essay An anxiety disorder is defined as a medical condition whereby persistent and excessive worry interferes with a personâs ability to undertake mundane tasks. Essay On Anxiety And Anxiety In Sports 1417 Words | 6 Pages. * General term for several disorders that cause nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worrying. This disorder is the most common mental disorder with women twice as likely to be affected as men ( Anxiety Disorder Association of America). Dizziness * Treatment of the illness or disease will stop the anxiety. [online]. The criteria for Anxiety patients described in the, a) Patient must have had excessive worry for a minimum of 6 months, b) Difficulties in controlling Anxiety and worry, c) Having three or more of the following symptoms, fatigue, irritable, muscle tension, sleep deprivation, feelings wound up, lack of concentration, d) Condition is not part of any other mental disorder, e) Difficulties in functioning on a daily basis, f) The condition is not caused by other factors such as substance or other medical issue. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders in the United States. (Edelman, 1992, pp 76). When a person is faced with a stressful situation, the body’s reaction is to become anxious. Furthermore Van Der Molen et al (1986) carried out an experiment with two groups of subjects with no clinical history. Often, this is indicative of an anxiety disorder. New York. Anxiety is the number one mental illness that teens are diagnosed with in the United States, and ten percent of teens are diagnosed with anxiety in the US alone (11 Facts). If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Oakland. http://www.google.com.ph/imgres?q=nervous&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=1600&bih=764&noj=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=7fX-1yU6yhz9BM:&imgrefurl=http://lost100pounds.wordpress.com/2011/03/22/&docid=SioF-GqvjD6oQM&imgurl=http://lost100pounds.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/nervous.gif&w=400&h=300&ei=XoEMUbHhL-mgmQXAyoCgDA&zoom=1&ved=1t:3588,r:85,s:0,i:409&iact=rc&dur=36&sig=116649864449876723644&page=3&tbnh=165&tbnw=220&start=56&ndsp=31&tx=121&ty=109 Research and theories suggest there are three main factors which lead to Panic disorders, such as biological, psychological and social factors. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. In this research the reader will find a brief description of what an anxiety disorder is and how the relationship between human development and socialization is affected by this psychological disorder. However, many critiques have argued against the cognitive model of panic disorders and have demonstrated through their studies the notion of “Catastrophic Misinterpretations”, arguing that it is an insufficient explanation into the causes of panic attacks. What Are the Symptoms of an Anxiety Disorder? Research shows that substance such as Lactate, Caffeine and Isoproterenol have caused panic in patients that suffer from panic attacks. Psychological disorders in children can result from physiological or genetic components and at times both these components can be observed during the diagnosis. The paper has gone to the extent of explaining the possible causes of social anxiety disorder, its symptoms and remedies. If ten percent of teens in the United States suffer from anxiety, then roughly four million teens in the U.S. are suffering from this mental illness. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. There are four different types of anxiety disorders: phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. The Harbinger Publications. Many people feel anxious, or nervous, when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or making an important decision. McNally, R. (1994). Nursing Care Generalized Anxiety Disorder Anxiety is a broad term used to describe feelings of worry, discomfort, or fear. Although studies show that genetic factors can play a part in panic disorders, psychoanalytic theories suggest that panic disorders can be formed through learnt behaviour. For example there are psychological symptoms like social avoidance, depression, frustration, lack of concentration etc. Statistics show that 40% of people who suffer agoraphobia have a relative suffering the same condition; furthermore having an immediate relative who suffers from anxiety disorders such as, parent or siblings increases the risk of anxiety by 10-20 %. Anxiety Disorders are characterized by many symptoms and often associated with depressive tendencies. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illnesses in America: they affect around 20 percent of the population at any given time. Anxiety disorders are typically seen with other mental or physical disorders. Available from :- http://www.rethink.org/about_mental_illness/mental_illnesses_and_disorders/anxiety_disorders/index.html [accessed 13 November 2009]. Ronald Ley (1988) suggested that panic attacks are a result of breathing rhythms that become dysfunctional and cause abnormal respiration. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Psychological theories suggest that environmental factors that contribute to anxiety are usually described as an individual’s response to a stressful or traumatic situation, which have occurred in an individual’s life. Anxiety is a general term for several disorders that cause nervousness, apprehension and worrying. There are different types of anxiety disorders that include panic, social anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, post-traumatic, specific phobias, and generalized anxiety disorders (McNally, 1990). However, there are six different types of anxiety disorders in the results of stress, depression, social interaction, obsessive compulsive, and phobia. * Emotional Symptoms of Anxiety Any type Analytical Essay Argumentative Essay Deductive Essay Expository Essay Response Essay Informative Essay Compare and Contrast Essay Composition Essay Evaluation Essay Cause and Effect Essay Definition Essay Research Essay Classification Essay. Introduction . Edelman, R.J. (1992) Anxiety: Theory, Research and Intervention in Clinical and Health Psychology . You can view samples of our professional work here. Anxiety is related to depression.... ...development of an individual depends on the success of human developmental stages and his or her exposure to positive socialization. * a blanket term covering several different forms of a type of common psychiatric disorder characterized by excessive rumination, worrying, uneasiness, apprehension and fear about future uncertainties either based on real or imagined events, which may affect both physical and psychological health With more than 18 percent of the adult population in the nation suffering from an anxiety disorder, everyone is likely to know someone who has one of these conditions. The ancâ¦ Anxiety is a normal, but highly subjective, human emotion. * Fear of losing control or going crazy. USA. Available from :- http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=1333/ [accessed 23rd November 2009]. A panic attack is characterized by unpredictable attacks of severe... ... Anxiety Disorder Again the former group showed a reduced level of panic in comparison to the uninformed group. Symptoms such as constantly stressing about everyday activities, short breath, or even feeling tired. Company Registration No: 4964706. GAD makes the sufferer have an over the top stress response to minor problems that arise or â¦ Harper Collins. (2006) Mental Health: 1 in 6 Adults have a Neurotic Disorder. There are nearly a dozen different anxiety related conditions classified as disorders in the medical literature. * Feelings of dread without valid cause. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! It gives an alert to dangers, threats, and prepare for the upcoming task. Anxiety is also a normal human emotion that everyone experiences at times. The oxford dictionary defines Anxiety as ‘an anxious felling or state’, The diagnostic and statistical Manual of Mental disorders this manual is used by all health professionals when making any mental health diagnosis. Anxiety sufferers by nature are guarded and scared and will focus deeply on their symptoms and thoughts of their condition rather than reality. However, there are six different types of anxiety disorders in the results of stress, depression, social interaction, obsessive compulsive, and phobia. Whole Persons Association. People may feel anxious anxiety could worsen. Additional studies were carried out by Rapee, Mattick and Murrel (1986), involving clinical patients in which one group had been informed of the effects on inhaling Carbon dioxide/ gas mixture whilst the other group was not given any information. Although these symptoms can often be very frightening there is no evidence that shows that anyone suffering from panic attacks has ever come to any real harm. Freud (1936), distinguished between two types of Anxieties. Maria Vivar Moreover, the Hyperventilation model is also linked to panic disorders. 5th ed. A psychiatrist will look for symptoms-“know that they worry too much more than they should, have headaches, muscle aches, stomach aches, or unexplained pains, and have a hard time concentrating” (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2013). Please join StudyMode to read the full document. An anxiety disorder does not develop over night; it develops slowly and could get worse if not treated by a physician when symptoms first occur. This can be caused by life events such as abuse, neglect or death of a loved one. All work is written to order. Anxiety is the most common mental disorder, affecting 14% of Australians per annum. ANXIETY DISORDER Aug. 6, 2012 Studies were based around the physiological causes of panic disorders, assuming people where predisposed towards panic disorders through genetics. transition; People with generalized anxiety disorder experience constant worry. ) Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Study for free with our range of university lectures! (2000) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders:DSM-TR. They can cause such distress that it interferes with a person's ability to lead a normal life. Anxiety illnesses affect more than 23 million Americans with about 10 million Americans suffering from the most common, general anxiety disorder . Anxiety disorder sufferers have an unrealistic belief of reality, for example they will have disproportionate feelings of worry, stress, and fear and be preoccupied with a feeling of imminent disaster. Babior, S & Goldman, C. (1996) Panic Anxiety & Phobias: Structured Exercise in Healing. Treatment of anxiety depends on the cause. Common anxiety disorders are panic attacks (panic disorder), phobias, and general anxiety disorder (GAD). Panic disorders are caused by a combination of factors and cannot just be caused by one single event or reason. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Anxiety can lead to physical symptoms such as rapid breathing, heavy sweating, and rapid heartbeat. Afterwards, treatments are often done depending on the cause. This causes the brain to react differently to situations as it would if it was working correctly. Throughout history, politicians, writers, and artists have suffered from a variety of... ...Anxiety Disorder Recognizing Sports Anxiety and Arousal In sports, there are high levels of anxiety and arousal that may result in decreased performance and possible injury or fatigue. * Catastrophic thinking. Generalized Anxiety Disorder is characterized as âExcessive, ongoing anxiety and worry that are difficult to control and interfere with day-to-day activitiesâ (Mayo Clinic Staff). Muscle tension One can have short breath and feeling tired due to having low iron or having insomnia.