With reduced costs of pesticides and increased yield, profit of farmers increased by nearly $400 (approx. A field investigation was undertaken to evaluate yielfd and quality characters in 36 genotypes of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). The average yield of eggplant per hectare in the Philippines is 9.95 tons, which is about half of the average yield in Asia and the world. It is not possible to have one common, cultivar to suit different localities. Â© 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. This statistically signi ﬁcant impact is equivalent to a 51% increase relative to the control group. Yield 4 to 10 pounds per 10-foot row. fruit weight and fruit yield level of eggplant with the application of 120 kg per hectare. Resistant genotypes had more hairs than the, susceptible ones. Srability of these genotypes can, be assessed and utilized for further breeding for im-. Mean performance, of all 36 brinjal genotypes were given in, per hectare ranged from 3.14 to 41.74 tonnes with a, mean value of 18.21 tonnes. Ministry of Agric. Brinjal genotypes also differ in color and degree of spinyness. Eggplant is the country’s top ranking vegetable in terms of value production. Very, In the present study 36 genotypes of brinjal collected from different places in the country were evaluated for growth, earliness, yield and quality parameters and genetic diversity was measured among the genotypes through D 2 statistics. Similar, pattern for the range of per cent dry matter in fruit, was reported . Marketable yield per plant, average fruit weight, fruits per plant, fruit circumference and primary branches per plant were significantly and positively associated with fruit yield both at phenotypic as well as genotypic levels, while negatively correlated with fruit length and total soluble solids. Maximum divergence was observed between these clusters. There is a statistically significant fall in pesticide costs, 7,175 Taka per hectare (85 USD per ha), a 37.5% reduction. Altogether six clusters were formed. The study revealed that highly significant differences were observed for all the traits. Stability of these genotypes can be assessed and utilized for furthur commercialization or breeding program. This can result in a net economic benefit of $1,868 per hectare. the case after recognizaing major color of fruit. The seeds in the fruits are soft seeded even at maturity. The seeds are sown in lines 10 cm apart and not more than 1 to 1.5 cm deep. Cultivation of Bt brinjal raises yields by 3,564 kg/ha. White coloured brinjal is said to be good, for diabetic patients. . This was followed by treatment recommended doses of fertilizer along with foliar spray application of zinc and boron. Performance of different types of brinjal for their physical fruit parameters and flowering parameters. Total yield per plant was positively and significantly associated with number of fruits per plant, stem girth at 90 days after planting (DAT), plant spread from north to south at 60 DAT, number of primary branches per plant at 90 DAT, fruit, A field investigation in 36 genotypes of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) was undertaken to study the performance and to find out the genotypes suitable for Ghataprabha Left Bank Command (GLBC) area of northern Karnataka conditions. Deole S (2008) Screening of brinjal cultivars against * Yields vary depending on soil quality, weather conditions, farm management, location, etc. Yield in Eggplant Farming:- Yield depends on the variety, soil fertility, irrigation and farm management practices. The national average productivity of brinjal is around 16.0 tons per hectare which varies substantially from 12.9 to 22.1 tons per hectare. . Superior genotypes in, terms of yield per hectare were Jawahar Brinjal-347, (41.74 t) followed by IC-90123 (36.00 t), IC-90933 (31.92. was observed in the genotype IC-545920 (3.14 t). jassid, Amrasca biguttula biguttula based on the leaf Sanas MP, Sanas AP, Shinde SM (2014) Performance of The total value of sales of Bt brinjal per hectare was 122,865 Tk. Oer cent, dry matter of fruit ranged from 7.34 (IC-90123) to, 14.20% (IC-545920). A large sum in a country where the annual income is around $700. Superior genotypes in terms of yield per hectare were Jawahar Brinjal-347 (41.74 t) followed by IC-90123 (36.00 t), IC-90933 (32.92 t) and ABSR-2 (29.69 t). Therefore, direct selection for these traits would reward for improvement of yield. Harvested Brinjal. Selection of suitable parents is an important criteria for success of crop improvement programme. From the earliness point of view, the genotype IC-89908 recorded highest early yield per plant (0.165 kg) followed by Aruna (0.104 kg). Choudhary et al. Stability of these superior genotypes can be, assessed and utilized for further breeding for fruit, different types of brinjal for their physical fruit para-, meters and flowering parameters. path coefficient analysis studies on yield and attributing The plant Screening of brinjal cultivars against jassid, Amrasca biguttula biguttula based on the leaf tecture of the plant. There is, condiderable genetic variation among brinjal geno-, acters, yield. provement of fruit yield and quality characters. The germination takes place within 6-7 days. Thangamani C, Jansirani P (2012) Correlation and fruits. India ranked at 70 in the global cotton productivity list but ranked eighth in brinjal productivity with 17.5t/ha. plant height (52.39 cm), average fruit weight (167.49 g), highest number of fruits per plant (11.02) and maximum yield per hectare (33.73 tonne) compared to farmer’s practices (fig. In each plot, there were 15 plants (in a row) with net, mended cultivation practices were followed as per, the package of practies of UHS, Bagalkot . Per cent dry matter in fruit ranged from, 7.34 to 14.20% with a mean value of 10.43%. Umarani and Khot, (1973) studied the effect of nitrogen from 0 to 224 kg ha-1 on brinjal. Per se performance of brinjal genotypes for yield and quality parameters. The yield varies from season to season, variety to variety and location to location. No. Per cent dry matter in fruit is an, important criteria for processing. NOTE: To convert yield per acre to yield per 100 feet of row: multiply yield per acre by the number of feet between rows and divide by 4356. Cluster II had the least interâcluster distance (D 2 = 5915.344) with the cluster IV. Details of brinjal genotypes with their sources. All rights reserved. Electronic J Pl Breed 3 : 939-944. Yields of over 20 tons per hectare have been achieved by some growers, even from large plantings, and certain trial plots have yielded the equivalent of about 30 tons per hectare. Based on distance between clusters, i.e., in-terâcluster distances, the maximum divergence was observed between clusters III and IV. reported that the brinjal plants responded well to nitrogen fertilization at 70kg N ha-1 both in terms of fruit yield as well as seed yield. India ranked at 70 in the global cotton productivity list but ranked eighth in brinjal productivity with 17.5 tonnes per hectare. leathery texture or leathery rexture with spines . These increases in net yields were widespread and occurred because Bt brinjal farmers produced … improvement program. Major brinjal producing states include: West Bengal (30% production share), Orissa (20%), and Gujarat and Bihar (around 10% each). ), was studied with reference to the hairiness of leaves. A daily mean temperature of 13-21 o C is most favourable for its successful production. The seed requirement for one hectare is usually 140 g to 200 g for seedtrays, 500 g for seedbeds, and up to 3,0 kg when direct-seeded. Yield is 3GO-385 quintals per hectare during kharif season. The vegetable fruit is onlong in shape and pale green with white background in color. Brinjal is a herbaceous annual with erect or semi, spreading habits. content of the total phenols in the fruits . Tag: Eggplant Yield Per Hectare. Govt India, pp 127-135. high herita-bility in association with very high genetic advance observed for phenol content, fruit length, average fruit weight, fruit length diameter ratio, fruit diameter and days to first flowering. Int J Sci Res 3 : 1995â, path coefficient analysis studies on yield and attributing. However, in general, 250 to 500 quintals/ha of healthy vegetables of brinjal can be obtained from your brinjal farming. maximum intraâcluster diversity (D 2 = 6995.195) and indicated that genotypes included in this cluster are very diverse. It is a warm season crop, adopted to a wide, range of climatic conditions of the country, is having a production of 134.43 lakh tonnes from an, area of 7.22 lakh hectares and with a productivity of, 18.6 tonnes per hectare . SURVEY AND IDENTIFICATION OF ELITE JACKFRUIT TYPES. Moderate heritability with high GAM was observed for plant height at 60 DAT, plant spread from east to west at 60 DAT, stem girth at 60 DAT, days to first fruit maturity and per cent dry matter in fruit. The five week old seedlings were trans-. Therefore, additive component is predominant here. Genotypes Source Fruit color Spininess, East longitude and an altitude of 640 meters above, the mean sea level. Analysis of variance (mean sum of squares) for yield and quality characters in brinjal. ; sales of the control non-GM brinjal per hectare totalled 96,138 Tk (Table 8.6). It is very susceptible to frost. Anonymous (2013) Integrated cultivation practices for, Maik KCK (2005) Genetic variability and divergence, Thangamani C, Jansirani P (2012) Correlation and, Uthamasamy S (1985) Influence of leaf hairiness on, Deole S (2008) Screening of brinjal cultivars against. It is a perennial plant but cultivated, as annual. Integrated cultivation practices for horticultural crops (Kannada). Yield per plant was the second highest contributor of the diversity (33.81) and the highest cluster mean for this trait was observed in the cluster IV followed by cluster III. About 1.0-1.25 kg seeds sown on 10-12 beds will raise sufficient seedlings for one-hectare area. characters in brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). Fruits, of brinjal genotypes used in the investigation are, Observations on fruit yield and other related pa-, rameters were taken on five tagged plants in each, Per cent dry matter in fruit was found by drying, the cut fruit samples in hot air oven at 60, stant weight of samples was achieved over the two, subsequent observation and dry weight of fruits was, recorded and per cent dry matter in fruit was worked, Per cent dry matter in fruitss= ââââââââââââââââââ Ã 100, was estimated by FCR (Folin-Ciocalteau Reagent), method. Details of brinjal genotypes with their sources. This statistically significant impact is equivalent to a 51% increase relative to the control group. Yield potential (low, moderate and high) Maturity period (early, medium or late) Disease and pest tolerance Tuber characteristics (skin colour, flesh colour and tuber shape) Purpose (table or processing) Potato can be grown from True Potato Seed (TPS), plantlets or tubers. Space looseleaf lettuce 4 inches apart and all other types 12 inches apart in rows 16 to 24 inches apart. J Appl Zoological Res 19 : 139-140. The cry1Ac gene is widely used in Bt cotton and the protein is a component of many organic biopesticides. It was calculated with the help of standard, graph and expressed in mg per 100 g of fresh fruit, plants were randomly selected and number of tri-, surface of leaves and expressed as hairyness of leaves, highest per cent of fruit covered with particular color, is named based on intensity of color as light, medium, and dark. tecture of the plant. 200-225 quintals per hectare during summer season. It is a well known that adequate nitrogen is required by eggplant for satisfactory growth, development and high yield. (Karnataka), pp 65-68. planted to main field at the spacing of 100 cm Ã 60 cm. The plants are usually spaced about 500 … Brinjal is a warm season crop and requires a long warm growing season. **Significant @ 1%. tion of Bt brinjal raises yields by 3,564 kg/ha. Yield increases arise because Bt … Eggplant Yield Estimates. Our two primary outcomes were changes in yield and in pesticide costs. Farmer can expect a yield of 20 to 25 tonnes per hectare. There is a statistically signi ﬁcant fall in pesticide costs, 7,175 Taka per hectare (85 USD per ha), a 37.5% reduction. hectare in fruit (mg/, No. The plants can be harvested in 130 to 140 days after planting. Damping off is a common disease of all the three crops. The study revealed that highly significant differences were observed for all the traits. Srability of these genotypes can be assessed and utilized for further breeding for improvement of fruit yield and quality characters. They are primarly used as, cooked vegetable for the preparation of various, dishers in different parts of the world. The genotype Swetha recorded highest phenol content of, 470 mg/100 g followed by Rajendra Brinjal and no. Selection of suitable parents is an important criteria for success of crop, A field investigation was carried out with 36 genotypes of brinjal to know the nature and extent of genetic variability for growth, earliness, yield and quality parameters. After sowing light irrigation is applied. Treatments, No. Five clusters were formed. This indicated close relationship among the genotypes included in the clusters II and I. Fruits of brinjal genotypes used in the investigation. weight, fruit length, hairyness of the leaves and fruit length diameter ratio both at phenotypic and genotypic level. Selection of suitable parents is an impor-, tant criteria for success of crop improvement, programme. Average number of harvests and yield per hectare by district for Bt and non-Bt brinjal, 2019. different types of brinjal for their physical fruit parameters and flowering parameters. The area devoted to eggplant production is more than 20,000 hectares with small farms ranging from 0.5 to 2.0 hectares in size. In the face of increasing, population it is very necessary to give the emphasis, on importance of yield and quality parameters of, brinjal dor consumption of fresh and processed prod-, ucts. Anonymous (2013) Indian Horticulture Datavase. OUTSTANDING YIELD POTENTIAL; Napoli is a hybrid eggplant suited for year-round production. In all cases, Cry1Ac has a long hi… The India-based Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company (Mahyco) used a Bacillus thuringiensis cry1Ac gene to transform brinjal to be resistant to EFSB (Shelton et al., 2017). Brinjal(Solanum melongenal) Brinjal or egg plant is one of the most common and popular vegetables in India. Generally early short duration varieties yield about 25 to 30 tonnes/ha and long duration varieties yield up to 45 tonnes/ha. There are cases in which farmers harvested 60 tons per hectare, or even more. (2014) discuss a number of studies highlighting the changes in yield associated with Bt Brinjal. Superior genotypes in terms of yield per hectare were Jawahar Brinjal-347 (41.74 t) followed by IC-90123 (36.00 t), IC-90933 (32.92 t) and ABSR-2 (29.69 t).
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